Image: Types of Electric Vehicles

What Type of Electric Vehicles Are There?

As more people consider purchasing electric vehicles (EVs), it's important to know the different types that are available. Here are the most common types:

Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs)

Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs) are fully electric and do not have a gasoline engine. Instead, they run on rechargeable batteries, making them zero-emission vehicles that do not generate any tailpipe emissions or air pollution.

Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs)

Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) have both a gasoline engine and an electric motor. They can recharge their batteries through regenerative braking, which captures energy that's typically lost during braking and uses it to assist the gasoline engine during acceleration.

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) have larger batteries than HEVs and can be charged from the grid. They can operate on electric power alone for several dozen miles before the gasoline engine takes over. Once the battery is depleted, they work like regular hybrids and can travel using gasoline power.